- What is silk used for today?
- Which country leads the world in silk production?
- Why did China keep the process of silk making a secret?
- How did silk spread to the rest of the world?
- Where does the best silk come from?
- Why was exporting silkworm eggs a crime?
- What is the greatest impact of the Silk Road?
- How much silk is obtained from each silkworm?
- Who brought Turkey silkworms?
- How long was silk kept a secret?
- How did silk affect China?
- Why is silk so valuable?
- How was silk smuggled out of China?
- Who found silk?
- Why was revealing the secret to making silk punishable by death?
What is silk used for today?
Silk is primarily used in garments and household items, but it is also employed in unexpected ways, such as in bicycle tires and in medicine.
Silk is great for summer clothing because of its absorbent nature and how it wicks moisture, and it is also a staple for winter wear since it has low conductive properties..
Which country leads the world in silk production?
ChinaChina is the world’s single biggest producer and chief supplier of silk to the world markets. India is the world’s second largest producer.
Why did China keep the process of silk making a secret?
Silk became a prized export for the Chinese. Nobles and kings of foreign lands desired silk and would pay high prices for the cloth. The emperors of China wanted to keep the process for making silk a secret. Anyone caught telling the secret or taking silkworms out of China was put to death.
How did silk spread to the rest of the world?
As a result of the spread of sericulture, Chinese silk exports became less important, although they still maintained dominance over the luxury silk market. The Crusades brought silk production to Western Europe, in particular to many Italian states, which saw an economic boom exporting silk to the rest of Europe.
Where does the best silk come from?
The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture).
Why was exporting silkworm eggs a crime?
Exporting silkworms, silkworm eggs or mulberry seeds was punishable by death. It was more profitable to export the finished product than the means of production. The Chinese monopoly on the secrets of silk production and manufacture was eventually broken.
What is the greatest impact of the Silk Road?
The greatest value of the Silk Road was the exchange of culture. Art, religion, philosophy, technology, language, science, architecture, and every other element of civilization was exchanged along these routes, carried with the commercial goods the merchants traded from country to country.
How much silk is obtained from each silkworm?
It is interesting to note that one ounce of silkworm eggs contains 40,000 eggs (1,500 eggs per gram). These worms will eat 3,500 pounds (1500 kilograms) of mulberry leaves, and will spin cocoons which will produce 18 pounds (8 kilograms) of silk thread. It takes 1700 to 2000 cocoons to make one silk dress!
Who brought Turkey silkworms?
Emperor JustinianTurkey broke into the silk business in 550 A.D., when Byzantine Emperor Justinian talked two Persian monks living in China into smuggling silkworms to Constantinople (now Istanbul).
How long was silk kept a secret?
two thousand yearsFor more than two thousand years the Chinese kept the secret of silk altogether to themselves. It was the most zealously guarded secret in history.
How did silk affect China?
Silk is a fabric first produced in Neolithic China from the filaments of the cocoon of the silk worm. It became a staple source of income for small farmers and, as weaving techniques improved, the reputation of Chinese silk spread so that it became highly desired across the empires of the ancient world.
Why is silk so valuable?
Why silk is so expensive. Silk is the epitome of luxury when it comes to fabric whether it’s for robes, sheets, or dresses. … Silkworms spin cocoons that silk producers eventually unravel and join to create the thread. Silk production costs have gone up with the introduction of synthetic fabrics like polyester.
How was silk smuggled out of China?
Silkworms were first brought from Asia to Byzantium around A.D. 550. Legend has it that two monks hid silkworm eggs inside a bamboo pole to smuggle them out of China, where they were guarded as closely as state secrets. … Silkworm farming was a brutal job.
Who found silk?
Empress His Ling ShiAccording to Chinese legend, Empress His Ling Shi was first person to discover silk as weavable fibre in the 27th century BC. Whilst sipping tea under a mulberry tree, a cocoon fell into her cup and began to unravel.
Why was revealing the secret to making silk punishable by death?
Why was revealing the secret to making silk punishable by death? Trading silk with other regions made china wealthy. If others learned how to make silk; it would not be as valuable.