Question: What Was The Most Severe Flu Outbreak Of The 20th Century?

What was the most serious pandemic of the 20th century?

Spanish flu was the worst pandemic of the 20th century.

Up to 40 percent of the worldwide population became ill when it occurred in 1918-1919.

The WHO estimates the Spanish flu resulted in upwards of 50 million deaths — or more deaths than those during World War I..

When was the last major flu epidemic?

The 1918 influenza pandemic was the most severe pandemic in recent history. It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin. Although there is not universal consensus regarding where the virus originated, it spread worldwide during 1918-1919.

Was the Ebola virus a pandemic?

“The epidemic killed about 774 people out of 8,098 that were infected,” IFLScience reported. “It started as an outbreak in Asia and then spread to two dozen countries and took the form of an epidemic.” A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread worldwide.

How many people did swine flu kill?

Between April 12, 2009, and April 10, 2010, the CDC estimates swine flu caused 60.8 million illnesses, 273,304 hospitalizations and 12,469 deaths in the U.S.

How long did the Spanish flu outbreak last?

While the global pandemic lasted for two years, a significant number of deaths were packed into three especially cruel months in the fall of 1918. Historians now believe that the fatal severity of the Spanish flu’s “second wave” was caused by a mutated virus spread by wartime troop movements.

What’s the meaning of a pandemic?

A pandemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease. An influenza pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world, and most people do not have immunity. Viruses that have caused past pandemics typically originated from animal influenza viruses.

What were the three major outbreaks of influenza during the 20th century?

Three worldwide (pandemic) outbreaks of influenza occurred in the 20th century: in 1918, 1957, and 1968. The latter 2 were in the era of modern virology and most thoroughly characterized. All 3 have been informally identified by their presumed sites of origin as Spanish, Asian, and Hong Kong influenza, respectively.

What is the deadliest strain of flu?

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1Virus classificationSpecies:Influenza A virusSerotype:Influenza A virus subtype H5N1Notable strains9 more rows

What was the first pandemic?

The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. After the disease passed through Libya, Ethiopia and Egypt, it crossed the Athenian walls as the Spartans laid siege. As much as two-thirds of the population died.

What was the deadliest epidemic in history?

The Black Death. A plague so devastating that simply saying “The Plague” will immediately pull it to the front of your mind, in the middle of the 14th century—from 1347 to 1351—the Black Death remade the landscape of Europe and the world. … 1918 Spanish Flu. … HIV/AIDS. … The Plague of Justinian. … The Antonine Plague.

How many flu pandemics occurred in the 20th century?

Three worldwide (pandemic) outbreaks of influenza occurred in the 20th century: in 1918, 1957, and 1968. The latter 2 were in the era of modern virology and most thoroughly characterized.

How long did the swine flu last?

The 2009 swine flu pandemic was an influenza pandemic that lasted for about 19 months, from January 2009 to August 2010, and was the second of two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus (the first being the 1918–1920 Spanish flu pandemic).

How many people died in the last pandemic?

It is estimated that about 500 million people or one-third of the world’s population became infected with this virus. The number of deaths was estimated to be at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 occurring in the United States.

How long did pandemic last in 1917?

Lasting from February 1918 to April 1920, it infected 500 million people – about a third of the world’s population at the time – in four successive waves.