Question: Who Controlled The Indian Ocean Trade Route?

Does the Indian Ocean trade route still exist?

The dominance of the Indian Ocean trade routes declined throughout the 15th century, but this ocean remains an important part of international shipping to this day..

Which three regions were part of the Indian Ocean trade route?

The three regions that were part of the trade routes of the Indian Ocean were East Africa, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The commercial routes of the Indian Ocean were controlled mainly by the Portuguese, who established trading posts along the African, Indian and Southeast Asian coasts.

How did the Portuguese change the Indian Ocean trade?

“The Portuguese brought a few changes to the Indian Ocean trading networks but most Indian goods, including spices, continued to be traded locally, or to Middle Eastern and Chinese markets, as they had been for centuries before.” (Responds to the prompt with an evaluative claim that establishes a line of reasoning.)

Which countries were most involved in the Indian Ocean trade routes?

These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.

What empires were involved in the Indian Ocean trade?

During the classical era (4th century BCE–3rd century CE), major empires involved in the Indian Ocean trade included the Achaemenid Empire in Persia (550–330 BCE), the Mauryan Empire in India (324–185 BCE), the Han Dynasty in China (202 BCE–220 CE), and the Roman Empire (33 BCE–476 CE) in the Mediterranean.

Why did the Indian Ocean trade decline?

The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. … These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade. These items could be sold at a profit because they were scarce in Asian countries.

What did the Indian traders bring from Africa?

A vast majority of exports from Africa to India are raw materials such as crude oil, gold, raw cotton, and precious stones. Meanwhile, most exports from India to sub-Saharan Africa consist of high-end consumer goods such as automobiles, pharmaceuticals, and telecom equipment (Figures 3 and 4).

What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?

What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect SE Asia?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect southeast Asia? … Trade gave rise to civilization known as Swahili. Srivijaya. Malay kingdom that dominated the critical choke of Indian Ocean trade from 670 to 1025.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect culture?

The two major effects of the Indian Ocean are the 2C’s– community and contact. Communities: Diasporic communities were set up by merchants to introduce their own cultural traditions into other cultures. … On a more consolidated note, states formed from the Indian Ocean trade on the edge of the water.

Who controlled the Indian Ocean trade?

But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.

Who started the Indian Ocean trade route?

Vasco da GamaThe Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.